Tuesday, September 15, 2015

A Story Told In Class - Hiroo Onoda: Japanese soldier who took three decades to surrender, dies

Hiroo Onoda walks out of the Philippine jungle to surrender in 1974. Photograph: AFP/Getty
The last Japanese soldier to come out of hiding and surrender, almost 30 years after the end of the second world war, has died.

Hiroo Onoda, an army intelligence officer, caused a sensation when he was persuaded to come out of hiding in the Philippine jungle in 1974.
The native of Wakayama prefecture in western Japan died of heart failure at a hospital in Tokyo on Thursday, his family said. He was 91.
Onoda’s three decades spent in the jungle – initially with three comrades and finally alone – came to be seen as an example of the extraordinary lengths to which some Japanese soldiers would go to demonstrate their loyalty to the then emperor, in whose name they fought.

Refusing to believe that the war had ended with Japan’s defeat in August 1945, Onoda drew on his training in guerilla warfare to kill as many as 30 people whom he mistakenly believed to be enemy soldiers.

The world had known of his existence since 1950 when one of his fellow stragglers emerged and returned to Japan. A second member of the group reportedly died in 1950.
Onoda, whose sole remaining companion was killed in a shootout with Philippine troops in 1972, held firm until two years later.

He was only persuaded to surrender when his former commanding officer travelled to his hideout on the island of Lubang in the north-western Philippines and convinced him that the war had ended.

Until then, Onoda would later explain, he believed attempts to persuade him to leave were a plot concocted by the pro-US government in Tokyo. By the time he surrendered he had been on the island since 1944, two years after he was drafted into the Japanese imperial army.
Onoda wept uncontrollably as he agreed to lay down his perfectly serviceable rifle.

He was later pardoned for the killings by the then Philippine president, Ferdinand Marcos. In his formal surrender to Marcos, Onoda wore his 30-year-old imperial army uniform, cap and sword, all of which were in good condition.

He returned to Japan in March the same year, but after struggling to adapt to life in his homeland, he emigrated to Brazil in 1975 to become a farmer. He returned to Japan in 1984 and opened nature camps for children across Japan.

Japan’s top government spokesman, Yoshihide Suga, praised Onoda’s strong will to live, telling reporters on Friday: "I vividly remember that I was reassured of the end of the war when Mr Onoda returned to Japan."

Onoda was one of several Japanese soldiers who remained holed up in their former battlegrounds long after the war ended.

Onoda, like Shoichi Yokoi, a soldier who was found on the island of Guam in 1972, dismissed reports declaring the war’s end as Allied propaganda. On his return to a hero’s welcome in Japan, Yokoi famously
said: “It is with much embarrassment, but I have returned.”

In 2005 there were unsubstantiated claims that two former Japanese soldiers in their 80s were still in hiding in the mountains on the Philippine island of Mindanao. The men were reportedly afraid that they would be court-martialled for desertion if they gave themselves up.

Wednesday, September 9, 2015

An Article in the School Newsletter

Image result for cleaning school

It is the cleanliness week in your school. You are asked by your teacher to write an article for your school newsletter. The title of your article is "How to beautify our school". With the help of the notes below, write out your article.

In classroom
sweep - mop- floor
clean - dust - windows
rearrange desks - chairs - furniture
set up reading corner
paint walls
School Compound
paint murals - walls
decorate - notice boards
plant - flowers - herbal plants
clear clogged drains
put up - slogans , motivational phrases
When writing your article:
-you may use all the points given
-elaborate on the given notes to make it more interesting
-make sure it is not less than 120 words

Model Essay

A clean and beautiful school is very important. This is to ensure that teaching and learning will take place. Students can relax and enjoy the activities carried out in school. They can also feel comfortable with the clean and beautiful environment. There are many ways to beautify our school.
First of all, we have to clean the classrooms by sweeping and mopping the floor. We should also clean the dust on the window panes. We can use a feather duster or a wet cloth to clean the windows. To make sure that everyone takes part in cleaning the class, we should prepare a duty roster. This is because we can divide the jobs equally.
Secondly, we should also beautify our class. All the chairs and desks should be arranged properly so that our class looks neat and tidy. A reading corner with variety of reading materials will be very useful. If we have extra fund, we can paint the walls of our class. This will make our class more cheerful and conducive.
We should also keep our school compound clean. We must clear the clogged drains so that the water can flow smoothly and there will be no unpleasant smell. We can also beautify our school by painting murals on the wall and decorate the notice boards with information about school or cocurricular activities.
Planting flowers and herbal plants can make our school environment fresh and beautiful. Motivational phrases and slogans around the school compound can create positive atmosphere thus encourage learning.
Finally, we should encourage everyone to keep the school clean and beautiful. We should all take part and be responsible in keeping our school clean and beautiful.


The Railway Children - Thoughtfulness is the key to happiness

Thoughtfulness is the key to happiness. Based on the novel you have learnt, describe an event that shows thoughtfulness.

Image result for railway children

Model Answer
I read the novel, "The Railway Children" by Edith Nesbitt. In this novel, there are many events which show thoughtfulness. One of them is when the children asked to have cakes on Thursday.
They wanted to make a birthday tea for Perks. Peter wanted to ask everybody in the village to help them give Perks a nice birthday. On Thursday, the children went around to collect presents the people had promised. At three o’clock, the children took the presents and the pram to Perks’ house. When Perks came home and saw the pram and the presents, he was angry. He thought people would laugh at him for being poor and needing their things. Bobbie explained that the people wanted to give him the presents because they liked him. Perks calmed down. He was glad that his neighbours thought so kindly of him. By being thoughtful, the children had made Perks happy.
In this event, Bobbie and her siblings had made Mrs Ransome happy. They found out that Mrs Ransome was not happy because no one remembered her birthday and she did not want to join them and give Perks a birthday present. The next day, Bobbie and Phyllis gave Mrs. Ransome roses and a handkerchief for her birthday. Old Mrs Ransome thanked them for the roses. She gave them apples for Perks. By being thoughtful, the children had made a lot of people happy and this definitely proves that 'thoughtfulness is the key to happiness.

Tuesday, July 21, 2015

School Reopens Tomorrow

Hello boys, I believe you have had a good Hari Raya rest. Perhaps some of you visited some of your Muslim brothers at their homes. It's good to do that. 
It's back to school again tomorrow. I hope you have completed your tasks and assignment given to you. 
See you and it's a pleasure seeing you again. Cheers 

Friday, June 12, 2015

Welcome Back To School

Marks for your mid-year examination are ready. They will be distributed during the English lesson. When school reopens, it's time to get serious. All workbooks, your textbook and exercise books should be at all times needed in the classroom. We will continue with listening test for a few more times before we proceed with spoken interaction. 
Well boys. See you Monday. 

Friday, May 29, 2015

Happy Holidays Boys

It has been very tedious of you guys these few months. Homework, tasks, projects and assignment. I understand your situation but do not despair. All of us need to work hard. Take a rest this holidays. No English homework but expect plenty of work when you are back.
We are going to have PT3 listening test and oral interaction test. The preliminary part was carried out this week.
HAPPY HOLIDAYS!! and take care of yourselves.

Best wishes from Mr Khiew

Tuesday, May 26, 2015

Reading In Class

Form Three A2 students engrossing in their work. It is crucial to understand and comprehend the skills needed to excel in their writing. I always emphasize on the needs to read for information and knowledge so that students will be able to respond appropriately when they come across a situation.  

This is how the class looks like when it comes to a reading session. When students read, ensure that teachers provide them the tasks so that they know what to accomplish.
I will revert with more feedback later on. Thank you.

Monday, May 25, 2015


The Frog in the Well

There was a frog that lived in a shallow well.

" Look how well off I am here ! " he told a big turtle from the Eastern Ocean. " I can hop along the coping of the well when I go out, and rest by a crevice in the bricks on my return. I can wallow to my heart's content with only my head above water, or stroll ankle deep through soft mud. No crabs or tadpoles can compare with me. I am master of the water and lord of this shallow well, What more can a fellow ask ? 

Why don't you come here more often to have a good time ? "

Before the turtle from the Eastern Ocean could get his left foot into the well, however, he caught his right claw on something. So he halted and stepped back then began to describe the ocean to the frog.

" It's more than a thousand miles across and more than ten thousand feet deep. In ancient times there were floods nine years out of ten yet the water in the ocean never increased.

And later there were droughts seven years out of eight yet the water in the ocean never grew less. It has remained quite constant through out the ages. That is why I like to live in the Eastern Ocean. "

Then the frog in the shallow well was silent and felt a little abashed.

Wednesday, May 13, 2015

Another Sample Essay on Sports Day -- Please Go Through

NOTE: No need to copy this in your exercise book. You can just print this essay and paste it in your book. The green one. Thank you. 
Today a school without games and sports is unthinkable, as sports and games have become an integral element of present-day education. Formerly teaching consisted of merely imparting the basic skills of 3R’s (Reading, Writing and Arithmetic).

But true learning is much more than that. Today education is an all-round development of the child. In this respect games and sports play a significant role. It is in this backdrop that most schools organise their Annual Sports Day.

Last year, my school’s Annual Sports Day was held on 20th Oct. Generally a month of preparation precedes the day. A month prior to the event, all the children of the school were divided into four houses and respective sports groups such as senior, junior and sub-junior. Once the children are allotted their houses and groups, the various Outdoor Games begin. It is the most interesting and the most spirited part of the whole event.

Immediate preparation for the day commenced two days prior to the event. Different works such as, the preparation of the welcome gate, pandel, flag post, tracks, Olympic torch, decoration of the area, arrangement of the prizes, etc., were allotted to the different houses for completion. On 19th Oct, the final touches were given to the preparation and last rehearsals were held for the inaugural function and the cultural show.

The Sports Day commenced at 7.50 a.m. the following day with the welcoming of the chief guest. Our chief guest for the occasion was the newly appointed District Deputy Commissioner. He was solemnly welcomed at the gate by a group of Wangala dancers (Garo dancers) and by the school authorities. He was garlanded at the gate and given a bouquet of flowers as a token of official welcome. 

Thereafter, he was led to the specially erected pandal by 
the Wangala dancers.

As soon as he reached the Pandal, he hoisted the School’s Sports flag amidst the singing of the school anthem by the children, which was followed by an impressive march past, lighting of the Olympic flame and the oath-taking ceremony.

The chief guest then addressed the students wherein he outlined briefly the value of sports and games in student’s life and possibilities of career options in this field. The inaugural function came to a close with the display of a short drill. Sports events commenced soon after this.

The races, throws, jumps and the various items followed one by one. At 3.00 p.m the sports events in the field came to a close with the last item of musical chair for the staff. The concluding programme commenced immediately after this.

The chief event of the concluding function was the group dances performed by the different houses and the prize distribution by the chief guest. The last item of the eventful day was the de-hoisting of the sports flag by the chief guest, signalling the official closing of the school’s Annual Sports Day for the year.

Annual Sports Day is an eagerly awaited event in my school. It is a time of great fun and joy in the school as the days prior to the event as well as the day itself are marked by tournaments, matches and various competitions.

Apart from teaching us good values such as, sportsmanship, proper spirit of competition, team-spirit, co-operation, discipline in the field, etc. Annual Sports Day makes school life lively, interesting, enjoyable and memorable.


Sports Day In My School

Note from Mr Khiew

Dear boys, look at the sample of essay below.

There is a great importance of games and sports for the students. The sports teach discipline to the students. These sports are very essential for the students. They also develop the spirit of the sportsmanship and suddenly derive a lot of pleasure by playing games. It also inculcates the quality of team spirit in them. The students learn the qualities of leadership and working unitedly. Generally games are played in every school. 

In our school we have a very big playground where the students play games regularly. We also celebrate our Annual Sports Day every year in the month of January. Preparations for the celebration of the sports day are made much in advance. There is a big gathering on that day in our school. The students who excel in games are given prizes by the chief guest. 

The parents of the students are also invited to attend the sports. This year our annual sports day was celebrated on the 10th of January. The Director of Educaion had kindly agreed to preside over the function. The sports day started at 9:00 a.m. with a memorable and colorful ceremony. First of all the chief guest unfurled the flag. After this there was a march past by the students in their beautiful smart dresses. After the march past the chief guest declared open the sports meet. 

First of all the 100 meter race war organized. The signal for starting it was given by a pistol shot. One teacher was noting the time with the help of a stop watch. A photographer was also present. He took the photograph of the boys who stood first. There were many other races like 220 meter race. Half mile race and one mile race. 

The hurdle race was very interesting. After the races were over high jump long jump and pole jump were organized. My friend Imran stood first in the long jump. I stood first in the high jump. Then came the turn of discus throw javelin throw. After this there was the tug of war which was a highly exciting event. The spectators continuously cheered the participants. Then there was a Kabaddi match between the two teams of our school. It was also quite interesting in fact the sports day was a very wonderful day. 

We all enjoyed immensely the various events. At the end the prize distribution function was held. Before the prizes were distributed a cultural program was organized. Some students sand patriotic songs while other recited poems. After this the prize distribution function was held. The chief guest gave away the prizes to the winners. He also congratulated the prize winners and gave a brief speech. Then our principal gave a small speech to thank the chief guest for attending our sports day. After this there was a small tea party and refreshments were distributed to all the students and the guests. Thus ended the sports day of our school.


Sunday, May 10, 2015

Essay Writing

Look at the picture. Your school successfully organised the 88th Sports Day.
In not less than 250 words,  write about:
- the Sports Day
- why Sports Day is held
-how you felt that day
-how the day can be made more meaningful and interesting.

Sunday, April 26, 2015

Grammar Exercises

Class 3A2 and 3A1
Boys, these are the extra questions you are tasked to do. Answer all these in your exercise book. We can discuss them tomorrow in class. Thank you.

Monday, April 20, 2015

A Fighter's Line - Marzuki Ali

A Fighter's Lines - Understanding the meaning of the poem

Synopsis of the poem
The persona in the poem is an old soldier. He is tired as he is old and weak. He and his people suffered in the past in their fight for freedom of their country and they made many sacrifices. People lost their lives and some remain nameless or unknown.
The persona, who believes that he will be in the wheelchair for the rest his life says he can only watch the happenings around him. Physically, he is helpless and he has no energy left. He was either seriously injured when he was a soldier or is very ill. He finds that times have changed and being a crippled man, it is too challenging for him to fight the injustice he sees around him. He is troubled by many lies being told everywhere.
Being highly spirited, he calls on the younger generation to wake up and fight on. They have to realise that they have to form lines or ranks irrespective of racial, religious and social differences to fight courageously for justice. He wants the young people who inherited the country's freedom to be united and denounce lies which may threaten the country.
The persona feels helpless that he is not heard. He urges the younger generation to fight or speak up for what is right because it is now their turn to do so.
The Setting
The poem is set after indenpence. The persona feels that the independence he has struggled for is now threatened by subversive elements.

Tone and mood
In the first stanza, the tone indicates that the persona is sad and weary because he is old and weak. The persona is also melancholic, reflecting on his past sacrifices he made for the country's independence.
In the second stanza, the persona voices his helplessness, anger and contempt because his country is facing threats.
The tone used in the third stanza is serious and demanding. The persona urges the present generation to form a united front to uphold the freedom that he and many others has fought for.
The persona ends by insisting that the younger generation continues to fight against injustice because he can no longer do so.
1. Patriotism
Patriotism is one of the themes of this poem. The people in this country have made a lot of sacrifices to fight for their freedom. They have achieved independence but now there are other threats such as deceit. This affects the country's safety. The persona calls on the younger generation to fight for justice and to speak up against deceit.
2. Being courageous
Another theme is being courageous. In the past, people made many sacrifices and fought bravely with the country's enemies for their freedom. Now, the persona urges the younger generation to be brave and fight against other threats in the country. He tells them to stand up and speak with courage.
3. Unity
In the past, people were united when they fought for independence. Now, the persona emphasises that the younger generation who has inherited a free country should unite to preserve their freedom. They should stand united by building a wall of people or forming ranks irrespective of racial, religious and other social differences. The "lines" in the poem, A Fighter's Lines refer to the persona's lines and the lines or ranks formed for unity. We have to be united and strong as in the saying, "United we stand, divided we fall".
1. We must be brave to uphold justice.The persona urges the younger generation to stand up against the widespread lies which are rampant in society today. This 'net of deceit' worries his as it can destroy the solidarity of the people. Therefore, he urges them to stand united and uphold justice to preserve the freedom and safety of the country.
2. We must be willing to make sacrifices to preserve our independence.In the fight for independence, the persona and other soldiers sacrificed and risked their lives when they fought for independence. Now, he is wheelchair-bound because he was either crippled in the war or is now old and sick. Now, he wants the younger generation to make sacrifices too to preserve their freedom.
3. We must be united to preserve our freedom.The persona wants the younger generation to stand united regardless of their differences to ensure their freedom.
* The above notes are courtesy of Curriculum Development Division, Ministry of Education Malaysia 2011** All these notes are updated on 26 July 2012.

The blogger expresses his thanks to teachernuha for her efforts.

Now answer the questions:
1. Based on the poem, what was the occupation of the persona?
(1 mark)
2. In stanza 2, what is the persona worried about?
(1 mark)
3. In stanza 3. what does the persona want the younger generation to do?
(1 mark)
4. Why do you think the younger generation should maintain the freedom of the country? Give a reason.
(2 marks)- This is a HOTS question. Give a reasonable response.

Instruction: Copy the poem on your exercise book, either Book 1 or 2, and answer the questions.

See you in our next lesson. Have a nice day at home.
Mr Peter Khiew

Why English Is So Hard

Why English Is So Hard

We'll begin with a box,
and the plural is boxes.
But the plural of ox should be oxen,
not oxes.

Then one fowl is goose,
but two are called geese.
Yet the plural of moose
should never be meese.

You may find a lone mouse
or a whole lot of mice.
But the plural of house is houses,
not hice.

If the plural of man
is always called men,
Why shouldn't the plural of pan
be called pen?

The cow in a plural
may be cows or kine,
But the plural of vow is vows,
not vine.

And I speak of foot,
and you show me your feet,
But I give you a boot ...
would a pair be called beet ?

If one is a tooth
and the whole set are teeth,
Why shouldn't the plural of booth
be called beeth ?

If the singular is this
and the plural is these,
Should the plural of kiss
be nicknamed kese ?

Then one may be that,
and three may be those,
Yet the plural of hat
would never be hose.

We speak of a brother,
and also of brethern,
But though we say mother,
we never say methern .

The masculine pronouns are
he, his and him,
But imagine the feminine
she, shis and shim!

So our English,
I think you'll all agree,
Is the trickiest language
you ever did see.

Author Unknown

The Railway Children - Thoughtfulness is the key to happiness

Thoughtfulness is the key to happiness. Based on the novel you have learnt, describe an event that shows thoughtfulness.

Model Answer
I read the novel, "The Railway Children" by Edith Nesbitt. In this novel, there are many events which show thoughtfulness. One of them is when the children asked to have cakes on Thursday.
They wanted to make a birthday tea for Perks. Peter wanted to ask everybody in the village to help them give Perks a nice birthday. On Thursday, the children went around to collect presents the people had promised. At three o’clock, the children took the presents and the pram to Perks’ house. When Perks came home and saw the pram and the presents, he was angry. He thought people would laugh at him for being poor and needing their things. Bobbie explained that the people wanted to give him the presents because they liked him. Perks calmed down. He was glad that his neighbours thought so kindly of him. By being thoughtful, the children had made Perks happy.
In this event, Bobbie and her siblings had made Mrs Ransome happy. They found out that Mrs Ransome was not happy because no one remembered her birthday and she did not want to join them and give Perks a birthday present. The next day, Bobbie and Phyllis gave Mrs. Ransome roses and a handkerchief for her birthday. Old Mrs Ransome thanked them for the roses. She gave them apples for Perks. By being thoughtful, the children had made a lot of people happy and this definitely proves that 'thoughtfulness is the key to happiness.

The Railway Children - Interesting Character

Based on the novel you have read, write about an interesting character. Give reasons and examples to support your answer.

Model Answer
I read the novel, "The Railway Children" by Edith Nesbit. In this novel, I find that Bobbie is a very interesting character.
I find her interesting because, she is a brave girl. This is shown when there was a landslide. Half of the hillside crashed down onto the railway line. The train was in danger. The children used the girls’ red petticoat to make six flags to warn the train.The train came down the track too fast. Bobbie ran onto the railway line waving two flags. The train stopped twenty metres away from Bobbie. Here, it is very clear that Bobbie is a brave girl and I am sure not many children her age would do this.
She is an interesting character because she is very loving. This is shown when Mother was ill. The children did not have money to buy the things listed by the doctor. Bobbie and her siblings got help. She loved her mother very much and got all the things in the doctor’s list for her mother with the help of the old gentleman. The old gentleman gave all the things in the list and some extra things.
Bobbie has many good qualities and that is why I find her interesting. We should make her our role model.


This piece of writing was read in class this morning. The student tried hard but there are many areas where he can improve on. He consented for his work to be published here. Let's see how we can make this essay better in term of presentation,  content, grammar and style. Note: Image a bit shaky but you still can read the text.

Sunday, April 19, 2015

Exercises On Error Identification

Each of the following sentences contains at least onepreposition error. Correct the errors and rewrite the corrected sentences.
1. I tried to interrupt into their conversation but was told on.

2. It is important to take pride of whatever we do on life.

3. I left home at Sunday morning to catch a flight for England.

4. He was scolded from the teacher for failing to pass the test.

5. For all that excitement. I had forgotten to take my present for him.

6. My parents are not in good terms so we tried to patch things on.

7. I accused her with stealing my wallet but she insisted about her innocence.

8. I sympathize for you over your mother's death.

9. He is one of the best players of Singapore and he takes pride of it.

10. In ten o'clock in the morning. I went to the beach to catch fish by my net.


Saturday, April 18, 2015

Write a story about how a robbery ended tragically for the robber

Classes 3A1, 3A2 and 3A3

I sat down on a row of chairs. There were not many people in the bank on the Tuesday afternoon. So I figured that I would not have to wait long for my turn.

Image result for robbery bank
Suddenly I heard someone shout behind me. instinctively I looked around and was shocked to see two gunmen brandishing handguns and telling everyone in the bank to get down on the floor. I obeyed quickly. I was too stunned to feel any fear. I just lay down on the floor like the other customers.

I could not see anything except the floor tiles next to my face but I heard harsh voices shouting, the sound of someone being hit and some death threats being uttered. It sounded like the robbers would not hesitate to shoot anyone who did not comply.

From the corner of my eye I caught the sight of a pair of moving boots. For the first time I felt fear. The boots must be that of one of the robbers ! Anyhow the boots disappeared from view for a moment, reappeared and then disappeared again. I heard the trampling of feet and I knew that the robbers were making their escape. It did not take them long to do their dirty business.

I raised my head and had a momentary glimpse of two figures running out of the bank door. Another figure flashed past my view and I realized that it was a security guard. He was holding a pump gun in his hands ! I got up to have a better view.

The security guard ran out of the bank just as the robbers were making their getaway on a motorcycle. The motorcycle sped off just as the guard leveled his gun and fired at the fleeing duo.

Image result for robbery bank

Even in the bank, the sound of the shot was deafening. From my position I saw the shot hit the pillion rider smack on his back. There was a spray of blood and the body went limp. As the motorcycle accelerated, the pillion rider was flung backwards onto the road in a lifeless heap.

Image result for bank robber shot dead

The guard fired another shot at the remaining motorcyclist. The shot missed the target but shattered the back screen of a car nearby.

By then I was out of the bank watching the real-life action. So were other customers. It was just like in the movies except that it was for real. The guard ran up to the robber that he had shot and examined the slumped figure. There was no sign of life. The guard then picked up a bag that the robber had dropped. No doubt it contained the loot.

I watched the scene until the police arrive about ten minutes later. After that I went home. There was no point hanging around as I could do my banking at another time.

Note from Mr Khiew

Look at how an essay is written. Describe the incident in a simple approach, usage of some "difficult yet manageable" words and to the point technique. This essay is well written and students can emulate some of the approaches here.

Tuesday, February 3, 2015

Road Safety

Sample Essay for PT3

In this essay, a few areas are discussed.
- Why accidents happen?
-Discuss ways to prevent road accidents

Image result for road accidents

Why think of road safety at all? It is because of the accidents that occur everyday on the road, in which all sorts of vehicles and human beings and even animal are involved. These accidents mean loss of life and loss of property and more often than not obstruction to traffic. In this age of speed and fast moving vehicles and with the congestion on roads, these accidents have became almost an everyday affair. So unless everybody is educated on the importance of road safety, the loss and the sorry spectacles cannot be avoided.

Prevention is better than cure. This holds good even in the matter of road accidents. Accidents are due to many causes and may occur under different circumstances. The simplest but at the same time dangerous perhaps is people slipping down on the road caused by an orange or a banana peel. Without meaning any harm, quite innocently a person may throw away the orange peel or the banana skin on the road or the sidewalk. When a person, walking briskly, steps on, it he or she will slip down ending in fracture of bones and sometimes even more dangerous than that. So people must take care they do not throw the pealings on the road but should deposit them in a dust-bin. In some countries the offenders are severely punished. The second cause of accident is due to careless crossing in busy roads. While crossing one must look to the right and left for moving vehicles and then cross.

Where there are Zebra crossings on the road for the pedestrians to cross, one should cross along them. One should keep to the margin of the road while walking and the vehicles must keep to their lanes in busy streets.

In the case of accidents involving vehicles there are many causes. One is trying to overtake and very often taking risk. Another is wrong judgment in crossing. Sometimes it may be not caring for the signals. In crowded streets accidents may take place in a snap second because one does not care for the signal. "Stop, look and go" is the best precept; it will save vehicles from accidents. But where one takes a foolish step, the result is the inevitable accident. Jay riding may be another cause. Riding two or three abreast is always dangerous. Especially one must be aware of this. Scooter riders become victims of road accidents. But if they just wear the helmet as required by law they could easily avoid fracture and hence death.

Very often the cause of accidents is the failure of the brake system which means the owner of the vehicle does not bother to keep the machine in good condition. By attending to the vehicle regularly a lot of miseries could be avoided.

Road safety is a matter of education in which the school can play a significant role. Through scouting, Red Cross and social education classes, children can be taught the importance of observing the rules of the road. Children must be taught their limbs and lives are very valuable and they must not take risk, especially when leaving the school. As soon as the bell goes children rush out and accidents do happen. Under the circumstances the teachers must feel it their duty to regulate the traffic near the school. The police can cooperate with the school in this respect.

To make the people road conscious, the mass media can play a useful role. The newspaper, the wall poster and the cinema and now the TV come in handy. Shots in the cinema or TV emphasizing the importance of road safety can be highlighted. There may be speeches over the radio by the police officials. During peak hours in crowded areas, the police may direct the traffic and ask people to keep to their lanes.