Tuesday, September 15, 2015

A Story Told In Class - Hiroo Onoda: Japanese soldier who took three decades to surrender, dies

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Hiroo Onoda walks out of the Philippine jungle to surrender in 1974. Photograph: AFP/Getty
The last Japanese soldier to come out of hiding and surrender, almost 30 years after the end of the second world war, has died.

Hiroo Onoda, an army intelligence officer, caused a sensation when he was persuaded to come out of hiding in the Philippine jungle in 1974.
The native of Wakayama prefecture in western Japan died of heart failure at a hospital in Tokyo on Thursday, his family said. He was 91.
Onoda’s three decades spent in the jungle – initially with three comrades and finally alone – came to be seen as an example of the extraordinary lengths to which some Japanese soldiers would go to demonstrate their loyalty to the then emperor, in whose name they fought.

Refusing to believe that the war had ended with Japan’s defeat in August 1945, Onoda drew on his training in guerilla warfare to kill as many as 30 people whom he mistakenly believed to be enemy soldiers.

The world had known of his existence since 1950 when one of his fellow stragglers emerged and returned to Japan. A second member of the group reportedly died in 1950.
Onoda, whose sole remaining companion was killed in a shootout with Philippine troops in 1972, held firm until two years later.

He was only persuaded to surrender when his former commanding officer travelled to his hideout on the island of Lubang in the north-western Philippines and convinced him that the war had ended.

Until then, Onoda would later explain, he believed attempts to persuade him to leave were a plot concocted by the pro-US government in Tokyo. By the time he surrendered he had been on the island since 1944, two years after he was drafted into the Japanese imperial army.
Onoda wept uncontrollably as he agreed to lay down his perfectly serviceable rifle.

He was later pardoned for the killings by the then Philippine president, Ferdinand Marcos. In his formal surrender to Marcos, Onoda wore his 30-year-old imperial army uniform, cap and sword, all of which were in good condition.

He returned to Japan in March the same year, but after struggling to adapt to life in his homeland, he emigrated to Brazil in 1975 to become a farmer. He returned to Japan in 1984 and opened nature camps for children across Japan.

Japan’s top government spokesman, Yoshihide Suga, praised Onoda’s strong will to live, telling reporters on Friday: "I vividly remember that I was reassured of the end of the war when Mr Onoda returned to Japan."

Onoda was one of several Japanese soldiers who remained holed up in their former battlegrounds long after the war ended.

Onoda, like Shoichi Yokoi, a soldier who was found on the island of Guam in 1972, dismissed reports declaring the war’s end as Allied propaganda. On his return to a hero’s welcome in Japan, Yokoi famously
said: “It is with much embarrassment, but I have returned.”

In 2005 there were unsubstantiated claims that two former Japanese soldiers in their 80s were still in hiding in the mountains on the Philippine island of Mindanao. The men were reportedly afraid that they would be court-martialled for desertion if they gave themselves up.

Wednesday, September 9, 2015

An Article in the School Newsletter

Question
Image result for cleaning school

It is the cleanliness week in your school. You are asked by your teacher to write an article for your school newsletter. The title of your article is "How to beautify our school". With the help of the notes below, write out your article.

In classroom
sweep - mop- floor
clean - dust - windows
rearrange desks - chairs - furniture
set up reading corner
paint walls
School Compound
paint murals - walls
decorate - notice boards
plant - flowers - herbal plants
clear clogged drains
put up - slogans , motivational phrases
When writing your article:
-you may use all the points given
-elaborate on the given notes to make it more interesting
-make sure it is not less than 120 words


Model Essay

A clean and beautiful school is very important. This is to ensure that teaching and learning will take place. Students can relax and enjoy the activities carried out in school. They can also feel comfortable with the clean and beautiful environment. There are many ways to beautify our school.
First of all, we have to clean the classrooms by sweeping and mopping the floor. We should also clean the dust on the window panes. We can use a feather duster or a wet cloth to clean the windows. To make sure that everyone takes part in cleaning the class, we should prepare a duty roster. This is because we can divide the jobs equally.
Secondly, we should also beautify our class. All the chairs and desks should be arranged properly so that our class looks neat and tidy. A reading corner with variety of reading materials will be very useful. If we have extra fund, we can paint the walls of our class. This will make our class more cheerful and conducive.
We should also keep our school compound clean. We must clear the clogged drains so that the water can flow smoothly and there will be no unpleasant smell. We can also beautify our school by painting murals on the wall and decorate the notice boards with information about school or cocurricular activities.
Planting flowers and herbal plants can make our school environment fresh and beautiful. Motivational phrases and slogans around the school compound can create positive atmosphere thus encourage learning.
Finally, we should encourage everyone to keep the school clean and beautiful. We should all take part and be responsible in keeping our school clean and beautiful.

BEING THOUGHTFUL

The Railway Children - Thoughtfulness is the key to happiness

Question:
Thoughtfulness is the key to happiness. Based on the novel you have learnt, describe an event that shows thoughtfulness.

Image result for railway children

Model Answer
I read the novel, "The Railway Children" by Edith Nesbitt. In this novel, there are many events which show thoughtfulness. One of them is when the children asked to have cakes on Thursday.
They wanted to make a birthday tea for Perks. Peter wanted to ask everybody in the village to help them give Perks a nice birthday. On Thursday, the children went around to collect presents the people had promised. At three o’clock, the children took the presents and the pram to Perks’ house. When Perks came home and saw the pram and the presents, he was angry. He thought people would laugh at him for being poor and needing their things. Bobbie explained that the people wanted to give him the presents because they liked him. Perks calmed down. He was glad that his neighbours thought so kindly of him. By being thoughtful, the children had made Perks happy.
In this event, Bobbie and her siblings had made Mrs Ransome happy. They found out that Mrs Ransome was not happy because no one remembered her birthday and she did not want to join them and give Perks a birthday present. The next day, Bobbie and Phyllis gave Mrs. Ransome roses and a handkerchief for her birthday. Old Mrs Ransome thanked them for the roses. She gave them apples for Perks. By being thoughtful, the children had made a lot of people happy and this definitely proves that 'thoughtfulness is the key to happiness.