Sunday, July 16, 2017


Idiom: a manner of speaking that is natural to native speakers of a language

Every language has its own collection of wise sayings. They offer advice about how to live and also transfer some underlying ideas, principles and values of a given culture / society. These sayings are called "idioms" - or proverbs if they are longer. These combinations of words have (rarely complete sentences) a "figurative meaning" meaning, they basically work with "pictures".
This List of commonly used idioms and sayings (in everyday conversational English), can help to speak English by learning English idiomatic expressions. This is a list, which contains exactly 66 of the most commonly used idioms and their meaning.

A hot potato
Speak of an issue (mostly current) which many people are talking about and which is usually disputed
A penny for your thoughts
A way of asking what someone is thinking
Actions speak louder than words
People's intentions can be judged better by what they do than what they say.
Add insult to injury
To further a loss with mockery or indignity; to worsen an unfavorable situation.
At the drop of a hat
Meaning: without any hesitation; instantly.
Back to the drawing board
When an attempt fails and it's time to start all over.
Ball is in your court
It is up to you to make the next decision or step
Barking up the wrong tree
Looking in the wrong place. Accusing the wrong person
Be glad to see the back of
Be happy when a person leaves.
Beat around the bush
Avoiding the main topic. Not speaking directly about the issue.
Best of both worlds
Meaning: All the advantages.
Best thing since sliced bread
A good invention or innovation. A good idea or plan.
Bite off more than you can chew
To take on a task that is way to big.
Blessing in disguise
Something good that isn't recognized at first.
Burn the midnight oil
To work late into the night, alluding to the time before electric lighting.
Can't judge a book by its cover
Cannot judge something primarily on appearance.
Caught between two stools
When someone finds it difficult to choose between two alternatives.
Costs an arm and a leg
This idiom is used when something is very expensive.
Cross that bridge when you come to it
Deal with a problem if and when it becomes necessary, not before.
Cry over spilt milk
When you complain about a loss from the past.
Curiosity killed the cat
Being Inquisitive can lead you into an unpleasant situation.
Cut corners
When something is done badly to save money.
Cut the mustard [possibly derived from "cut the muster"]
To succeed; to come up to expectations; adequate enough to compete or participate
Devil's Advocate
To present a counter argument
Don't count your chickens before the eggs have hatched
This idiom is used to express "Don't make plans for something that might not happen".
Don't give up the day job
You are not very good at something. You could definitely not do it professionally.
Don't put all your eggs in one basket
Do not put all your resources in one possibility.
Drastic times call for drastic measures
When you are extremely desperate you need to take drastic actions.
Elvis has left the building
The show has come to an end. It's all over.
Every cloud has a silver lining
Be optimistic, even difficult times will lead to better days.
Far cry from
Very different from.
Feel a bit under the weather
Meaning: Feeling slightly ill.
Give the benefit of the doubt
Believe someone's statement, without proof.
Hear it on the grapevine
This idiom means 'to hear rumors' about something or someone.
Hit the nail on the head
Do or say something exactly right
Hit the sack / sheets / hay
To go to bed.
In the heat of the moment
Overwhelmed by what is happening in the moment.
It takes two to tango
Actions or communications need more than one person
Jump on the bandwagon
Join a popular trend or activity.
Keep something at bay
Keep something away.
Kill two birds with one stone
This idiom means, to accomplish two different things at the same time.
Last straw
The final problem in a series of problems.
Let sleeping dogs lie
Meaning - do not disturb a situation as it is - since it would result in trouble or complications.
Let the cat out of the bag
To share information that was previously concealed
Make a long story short
Come to the point - leave out details
Method to my madness
An assertion that, despite one's approach seeming random, there actually is structure to it.
Miss the boat
This idiom is used to say that someone missed his or her chance
Not a spark of decency
Meaning: No manners
Not playing with a full deck
Someone who lacks intelligence.
Off one's rocker
Crazy, demented, out of one's mind, in a confused or befuddled state of mind, senile.
On the ball
When someone understands the situation well.
Once in a blue moon
Meaning: Happens very rarely.
Picture paints a thousand words
A visual presentation is far more descriptive than words.
Piece of cake
A job, task or other activity that is easy or simple.
Put wool over other people's eyes
This means to deceive someone into thinking well of them.
See eye to eye
This idiom is used to say that two (or more people) agree on something.
Sit on the fence
This is used when someone does not want to choose or make a decision.
Speak of the devil!
This expression is used when the person you have just been talking about arrives.
Steal someone's thunder
To take the credit for something someone else did.
Take with a grain of salt
This means not to take what someone says too seriously.
Taste of your own medicine
Means that something happens to you, or is done to you, that you have done to someone else
To hear something straight from the horse's mouth
To hear something from the authoritative source.
Whole nine yards
Everything. All of it.
Wouldn't be caught dead
Would never like to do something
Your guess is as good as mine
To have no idea, do not know the answer to a question

Wednesday, July 12, 2017

We Didn't Mean To Go To Sea

For my classes 3A3,4,5 and 9. The rest can share and learn.

Character Traits/Moral Values/Messages/Themes


1. Jim teaches John and the siblings about the yacht and the sea.· 

Jim is knowledgeable about the yacht and the sea. He shows the children how to steer the yacht. He tells them the shoal can be dangerous for them as they could run ashore. He also shows them the shoals using charts.

· At night, the Goblin rolls violently. The children are worried but Jim assures them it is the big ship that goes from England to Holland everyday.

Character Traits

-Knowledgeable/ brave/responsible

Moral Values

– We should share our knowledge with others.
– We should take care of people who are younger than us.


-value of knowledge/ bravery/responsibility

2. John fights against the storm.·

 When the children are out at the sea, the rain starts to fall. Big winds and waves crash over the bows and splash on the cabin roof and the children. Although John feels tired and the weather is not helping him, he does not stop fighting against the storm. He tries his hardest to steer the yacht to the right direction. He wants to keep his siblings safe.

Character Traits

– brave/responsible /

Moral Values

– We should be responsible when we are put in charge of something.
– We should not panic when we are facing difficulties.
– We should do our best to protect the people we love.


– love for family/ bravery/responsibility

3. Commander Walker brings the children back to Harwich.

After finding his children at Flushing in Holland, Commander Walker takes responsibility to send telegram to Mrs. Walker, bring the children to eat at a café and buy supplies for their journey back home.

Commander Walker takes over to sail to Goblin. He steers the yacht because he knows John is tired. He is also not mad at the children for what happens.

Character Traits

– responsible /loving/ considerate

Moral Values

– We should be responsible for our children’s safety.
– We should love our family members.
– We should be considerate and try to understand when something wrong happened to our children.


– love for family/ responsibility for family

4. Jim Brading worries about the children and keeps his promise to take care of them.· Jim has an accident when he leaves the children and goes to get petrol. When he wakes up he is very worried about the children. He leaves the hospital to go find them even though his head is still in pain. He feels sorry to about what happens and he intends to apologise to Mrs. Walker.

Character Traits

– responsible

Moral Values

– We should be responsible for the things we do.
– We should keep our promise.

– love for family/ bravery/responsibility

5. John makes the decision to go to sea.· 

 After the tide pulls them out of the Beach End Buoy, they are forced to put on sails to avoid hitting the buoys. After that, John decides to go out to sea so that they can get away from the shoals.Character Traits

– Brave/responsible

Moral Values

– We should be responsible when we are put in charge of something.
– We should not panic when we are facing difficulties.


– Bravery/responsibility

6. Susan is worried about their Mother· 

 When the Goblin is out at sea. Susan is worried. She is worried that Mother will think they did not keep their promise.

· After they meet Father, Susan reminds her dad to send the telegram to Mother and she also makes sure that the telegram is sent.Character Traits

– Responsible/loving

Moral Values

– We should be responsible to keep our promise.
– We should not make our parents worried about us.

– love for family/ responsibility

7. John is worried about his siblings

When the children have to go out to sea to avoid the shoals, Susan and Roger get seasick. John feel bad for them and is worried about them.Character Traits
– caring/loving

Moral Values
– We should love our family.
– We should do our best to protect the people we love.


– love for family/responsibility